Photographs are taken of each phase of the work for future reference.
Soil is sifted so that small objects are not overlooked.
See Hominids and Early Man Websites and Resources on Prehistory: Human Prehistory gr/~dilos/; Wikipedia article on Prehistory Wikipedia ; Early Humans elibrary.sd71ca/subject_resources ; Prehistoric Art edu/ARTHprehistoric ; National Geographic Atlas of the Human Journey genographic.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/atlas ; Early Modern Man: Evolution of Modern Humans anthro.; Virtual Ice Age uk/Explore/virtually-the-ice-age ; Stone Age Tools Websites and Resources of Early Agriculture and Domesticated Animals: Origins of Agriculture comp-archaeology.org/Agriculture Origins ; Britannica britannica.com/ ; Wikipedia article History of Agriculture said that ; History of Food and Agriculture museum.agropolis ; Wikipedia article Animal Domestication Wikipedia ; Cattle Domestication ; Food Timeline, History of Food ; Food and History teacheroz.com/food ; Iceman Photscan iceman.eurac.edu/ ; Otzi Official Site Looting ancient sites and digging up graves to find treasures has been around since the beginning of civilization but painstakingly excavated sites and carefully studying what is there---archaeology, in other words---is a relatively new idea. Many objects obtained in the Middle East were obtained through the Ottoman patronage system. Andre Lero-Gourhan revolutionized the practice of excavations by recognizing that vertical digs destroy the context of a site.
Archaeologists seek out trash dumps, which often contain vital clues to unmasking everyday life.
The fact that archaeologists are much more skilled at gleaning large amounts of information from ancients scraps that previously would have been discarded has meant that process of excavating take much longer.
Many archaeological sites are discovered accidently, often during construction projects.
Some archaeologists call what they do as “running in front of bulldozers to retrieves objects before construction at a site begins.” Other are uncovered by following clues in historical records or digging where mounds and ruined buildings have been found.
Most of things that we know about everyday life in ancient times has been determined by looking at scenes depicted on vases, examining tools, remains and artifacts left at archaeological sites and drawing clues from literary and historical texts.
The age of an individual died can be determined by looking at the knitting of the suture on the cranium, which closes as people age, and by noting how worn the teeth are.
They do things that are unprecedented, in a way, and it's very beautiful to see that. For example, a square foot in one of the caves in the film---it took five months to remove half a centimeter of sediment.
Every single grain of sand was picked up with a pair of pincers and documented with laser measurements.
The vertical position of an object, as defined by the layer in the earth, or strata, where it is found reveals its date or at least it relations to what came before and after it.