However, kathoey generally have greater acceptance in Thailand than most other Asian countries.
Legal recognition of kathoeys and transgender individuals is non-existent in Thailand: even if trans people have had genital reassignment surgery, they are not allowed to change their legal sex. Problems can also arise in regards to access to amenities and gender allocation; for example, a kathoey and a transgender person who has undergone sexual reassignment surgery would still have to stay in an all-male prison.
It has a meaning similar to the English language "fairy" or "queen".
The phenomenon is not restricted to urban areas; there are kathoeys in most villages, and kathoey beauty contests are commonly held as part of local fairs.
Using the notion of karma, some Thai believe that being a kathoey is the result of transgressions in past lives, concluding that kathoey deserve pity rather than blame.
The term phu ying praphet song, which can be translated as "second-type female", is also used to refer to kathoey.
Australian scholar of sexual politics in Thailand Peter Jackson claims that the term "kathoey" was used in pre-modern times to refer to intersex people, and that the usage changed in the middle of the twentieth century to cover cross-dressing males.
Sorry for the lack of informations, I don't have the two patents concerning this molecule.
) is a transgender woman or an effeminate gay male in Thailand.
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This intermediate undergoes the key step of the synthesis, a oxidative ring opening of the quinoline with sodium periodate and ruthenium oxide, leading to the triazolobenzophenone.
The 1,3,4-triazole is treated with formaldehyde to provide hydroxymethyl intermediate, subsequent bromination using phosphorous tribromide gives bromomethyltriazole which after spontaneous cyclization with ammonia produces the Alprazolam.
Kathoeys are more visible and more accepted in Thai culture than transgender people are in other countries in the world.